Ammonia As Transport Fuel.
Anhydrous ammonia (ammonia without water) can be a substitute for petroleum as a transportation fuel. It has the potential to make the hydrogen economy a reality in the near-term, at an affordable cost. It is an energy form that is manufactured. It can be made from all primary energy sources so production sources can be diversified or production can focus on the cheapest, cleanest and greenest source. Ammonia can be used in internal combustion engines with minor modifications. It can be used in gas turbines and ammonia fuel cells are being developed. Substantial ammonia distribution infrastructure already exists in the Midwest. Other existing infrastructure can be converted. The existing retail fuel dispensing infrastructure can be converted to ammonia. Although there are safety issues with ammonia, the issues are no more severe than those with gasoline and diesel fuel.